11-9). Identify the stages of growth and development. Dark-skinned babies have brown eyes. Newborns can see from about 8 to 12 inches and can follow large objects. They can taste and smell. It is not at a set pace. They react to touch and pain. An 8-month-old uses a pincer grasp to pick up small objects. Begin to talk and communicate with others. • Step (dance) reflex—occurs when the baby is held upright and the feet touch a surface. Eyes are dark gray or deep blue in light-skinned babies. Babies hold their heads up before sitting. Rice cereal mixed with breast-milk or formula is given first with an infant spoon. Define the key terms and key abbreviations in this chapter. • Begin to have emotional relationships with parents, brothers, and sisters. A mother, father, grandparent, sister, brother, aunt, uncle, or court-appointed guardian may have this role. The skin turns to its natural color in a few days. The fingers close firmly around the object (Fig. In this chapter, primary caregiver is used in place of mother, father, or parent. Apa style With references and citation. The pincer grasp develops—holding small objects with the thumb and index finger (Fig. They also may crawl up stairs. • Identify the developmental tasks for each age-group. • Explain how to promote PRIDE in the person, the family, and yourself. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Rehabilitation and Restorative Nursing Care, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. See Figure 11-3. They sit before standing. persons of the same age-group and background, (Courtesy Marjori M. Pyle for LifeCircle, Costa Mesa, Calif.). The process occurs in certain directions. They sit with support and move around by rolling. Newborns have certain reflexes (involuntary movements). Movements lack purpose and are uncoordinated. She has practiced and trained nurses in pediatrics for over 15 years. Children have growth spurts. Also, the rate of growth and development varies with each person. A brief cry is common. At 8 months, infants can sit for long periods. • Explain the principles of growth and development. Michelle Besmer is dedicated to preparing the next generation of nurses for successful careers. In her free time, she enjoys spending time with her family, baking and playing trumpet. Develop stable sleep and feeding patterns. Nursing: Importance of learning growth and development of Child The childcare depends on the understanding of parents, about the growth and development of the child. The Moro, rooting, and grasp reflexes disappear. The time between feedings lengthens as infants grow and develop. 11-4). They turn their heads from side to side. • Rooting reflex—occurs when the cheek is touched near the mouth (Fig. Middle Adulthood = 40-60 years; Assessment. Two-month-old infants can hold their heads up when held straight. This will enhance your interactions and decrease frustration on both sides. Thicker and chunkier foods are given as more teeth erupt and chewing and swallowing skills increase. • From head to foot. The newborn’s central nervous system (CNS) is not well-developed. The legs extend and then flex. They smile. The abdomen is large, round, and soft. Specific, voluntary, and coordinated movements occur as the nervous and muscular systems develop. Others develop slowly. • The process occurs in certain directions. Thanks! Development relates to changes in mental, emotional, and social function. When on their stomachs, they can turn their heads from side to side. When holding on to something, 9-month-olds can pull up into a standing position. They reach for objects. The newborn’s head is larger than the chest. Newborns cannot hold their heads up. Changes in appearance from birth to maturity. The rate of the process is uneven. They sit before standing. Begin to have emotional relationships with parents, brothers, and sisters. Breast-fed infants are hungry more often—every 2 to 3 hours. When discussing life goals, expect very different responses. Single-parent households are common. From Student to Nurse: What You Need to Know, Making Holidays Fun While Working as a Registered Nurse, NCLEX-RN Exam – Two-Step Registration Process. The mouth opens and the head turns toward the touch. These foods are pureed and thin at first. A developmental task is a skill that must be completed during a stage of development. Think about the following examples for a moment: Using the same approach with each patient would not successful, you must stop and think about where the individual is at and meet them on that same level. It is not at a set pace. A baby sits before standing, stands before walking, and walks before running. Growth is the physical changes that are measured and that occur in a steady and orderly manner. Each stage has its own characteristics and developmental tasks. Nursing Points General. The average newborn is about 20 inches long. They also stay awake more and sleep less. They can play “peek-a-boo.”. However, another primary caregiver may have the parent role. Babies control shoulder movements before controlling hand movements. Growth and development theories usually involve the 2-parent family. The arms are thrown apart. • Identify the stages of growth and development. Order now and Get 10% Discount!

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