Finally, the eggs were treated with radio-frequency cold plasma (20–40 W, 10 min, 20–600 kHz, argon) and the cells were counted. This is characteristic of the phase change from solid to liquid water. Comparable work has been carried out on chicken meat and has allowed the development of an equivalent molecule with a molar mass of 1,309.91 g/mole. Chickens are one of the most common and widespread domestic animals, with a total population of 23.7 billion as of 2018. up from more than 19 billion in 2011. 2010). The use of clove oil (10 μL/mL) or its main component, eugenol (5 μL/mL), together with the cold plasma treatment at 40 W was able to inactivate the pathogenic cells. Much of the hand- and mechanically deboned chicken meat is directed into value-added products. Most recent entries among the new poultry products are boneless chicken breasts stuffed with ingredients such as cheese and broccoli or wild rice and mushrooms. This microorganism was inoculated on chicken skin and breast fillet and treated under a cold plasma jet using argon and air as feeding gases. Interestingly, one of the main concerns regarding chemical contamination in poultry meat is the purported use of artificial hormones. A low-sodium product can easily be obtained by reducing the level of salt in the cooked chicken breast to a very low level and by adding only a small amount of salt to the gelatin solution. The points correspond to the experimental measurements and the lines correspond to the predictions of the model, Figure 3.15. The variation of the dielectric constant and dielectric loss factor with frequency at 24°C for fresh chicken breast meat of similar WHC and variable pH values are shown in Figures 11.17 and 11.18. Table 3.8. The temperatures shown on the graphs are those in the wall of the stainless steel sample holder. For all samples, the dielectric constant decreases with increasing frequency with a slope change at about 4 GHz. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, Typical brawn and meat jellies from around the world, Lourdes García-SánchezBeatriz MeleroJordi Rovira, in, Disinfection of high-moisture food using cold plasma, Advances in Cold Plasma Applications for Food Safety and Preservation, Chemical contamination of poultry meat and eggs, Chemical Contaminants and Residues in Food, Fennell and Scanes 1992; Vasilatos-Younken 1995; Chen, Dielectric Properties of Selected Food Materials, Dielectric Properties of Agricultural Materials and their Applications, Zhuang et al., 2007; Kent et al., 2000; Dashner and Knochel, 2003; Trabelsi and Nelson, 2009; Kent and Anderson, 1996, Trabelsi and Nelson, 2009; Trabelsi, 2012, New approaches to determining the origin of food, Aïchatou Musavu Ndob, ... André Lebert, in, Detection of Biogenic Amines: Quality and Toxicity Indicators in Food of Animal Origin, César A. Lázaro de la Torre, Carlos A. Conte-Junior, in, Ioannis S. Arvanitoyannis, Georgios Tziatzios, in, Myosin is the major construction protein of, Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), Much of the hand- and mechanically deboned, Cold plasma jet, 30–180 s, 1 MHz, 2–3 kV, argon, air, Air cold plasma, ambient pressure, 30 kV, 0.5 kHz, 0.15 W/cm, 1.5 and 1.7 log-reduction in chicken breast and chicken thigh with skin, respectively, under high inoculation level (10, 1.5 and 0.9 log-reduction in chicken breast and chicken thigh with skin, respectively, under high inoculation level (10, 1 log-reduction in skin after 8 min; > 3 log-reduction in muscle after 4 min, 5.53 log-reduction after 15 min, direct and MA65 treatment, Cold nitrogen plasma (400 W, 20 min) plus thyme oil (0.5 mg/mL, 1 min), Extended shelf life up to 14 days (4, 12, and 25°C), Not changes on egg quality (pH, Haugh unit, Yolk Index), Microwave-powered plasma, 2.45 GHz, 1.2 kW, air, indirect treatment, 2 × 2.5 min and 5 × 2 min, Corona discharge plasma jet, 20 kV, 58 kHz, 0–120 s, 1.5 and > 1.0 log-reduction, respectively, Changes in color and appearance and sensory changes in fresh pork, 0.55 and 0.59 log-reduction respectively, when treated with He + O, 2.6, 3.0, and 1.73 log-reduction, respectively, Flexible thin-layer DBD plasma, 15 kHz, 100 W, 10 min, N, 2.04, 2.54, and 2.68 log-reduction, respectively, 1.90, 2.57, and 2.58 log-reduction, respectively, Atmospheric plasma, 15.5, 31, and 62 W, from 2 to 60 s, 30% O, Limited inactivation, required posttreatment time to have some inactivation. No viable cells were detected on the egg shells only after combining cold plasma and clove oil or eugenol. In addition to less fat, smaller portions, and different flavors, consumers want less salt and cholesterol in their chicken products. However, their values are less than those of water. Upon solidification, whole pieces of cooked and chilled chicken breast are placed neatly into the mould before the entire mould is filled with hot gelatin solution. However, this combination of treatments allowed extending the shelf life of eggs without important microbial growth under different temperatures (4°C, 12°C, and 25°C) for up to 14 days. Other plasma studies have been focused on the inactivation of pathogens on chicken meat and chicken skin, which often offer protection to the microbial cells against common disinfection agents. In general, poultry products are perceived as healthy, nutritious, convenient, versatile and inexpensive foods (Peterson et al. They are often assessed through measurement of physical properties, including color, pH, water-holding capacity (WHC), drip loss, cook yield, and texture (Warner–Bratzler shear force value). Then, the essential oils or main components were added to the shells by dipping the eggs in each solution. The same procedure was performed in other poultry meats (quail and duck) with interesting results (Lázaro et al., 2015). Although indications that dielectric spectroscopy has potential for determining quality attributes of chicken breast meat from measurement of their dielectric properties, much further research is necessary to determine whether such techniques might provide any practically useful methods for quality measurements. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. The chicken is a type of poultry, and poultry is the name for birds kept by humans for meat, eggs or feathers. If the product is sold out of the mould, the mould is dipped into hot water for a short while to melt a tiny amount of gelatin and is then turned upside down so that the block of product drops out.


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